How often do you need to do PAT testing?

How Often Should Equipment be PAT Tested?

This is a very common question and there is a lot of misinformation about it. The Code of Practice produced by the IET advises to base the frequency and type of maintenance by working out the potential risk from electrical appliances. The main factors to be taken into account are as follows:

  • The equipment construction i.e. Class I or Class II
  • Equipment Type i.e. Stationary, Portable, Handheld etc.
  • Environment i.e. Office, School, Construction Site

The table below was produced by the HSE and provides a recommendation to the Duty Holder on how frequently inspection and testing should be carried out. This is the frequency we recommend to our clients at the beginning. However, if the evidence from the testing indicates that this particular environment has actually a much higher risk of damage to appliances, then we would make a recommendation regarding the frequency of testing.

Conversely, if during the inspection and testing, the environment is shown to be benign and there are no failures, then the frequency of inspection and testing can be relaxed to a less frequent one.

Hire Equipment

All electrical appliances on site, even hired equipment must be maintained. For example, photo copiers, stage lighting equipment or power tools that are hired for short or long periods of time must be inspected and tested just like any other equipment that is on the premises.

Repaired Equipment

Whenever equipment is repaired it is important to ensure that a detailed Formal Visual Inspection and PAT Test is carried out before it is introduced back into service.

Items brought in by others

In any organisation, items brought into the workplace by others must be checked fully before they’re allowed to be used. For example, in a retirement home, residents often bring in their own electrical appliances when they move in. Similarly, hairdressers hiring a chair in a salon will often use their own clippers, hair straighteners and hairdryers. While most of these items may well be in good order, there may be appliances that represent a risk to staff and clients. If they are fused wrongly or the plugs have not been wired correctly there could be a risk of fire or electric shock.

In these instances, the Duty Holder must Formally Visually Inspect and PAT test these items before allowing them to be used.

New Equipment

For new equipment purchased from reputable retailers in the UK and Europe, it should not normally be necessary to carry out inspection and testing. Manufacturers should have already subjected new equipment to stringent production inspection and testing before dispatch. It is advisable though to carry out a user check to make sure that the appliances have not been damaged during delivery.

For equipment purchased via the internet from places like eBay and Amazon, where the vendor could well be from outside the EU and not subject to the same legal requirements regarding the supply of goods, it is important to do a full inspection and testing before putting them into use.

Guidance on the initial frequency of Inspection and Testing of Equipment

Wharfedale PAT Testing
NOTES:

  1. The Formal visual Inspection may form part of the combined inspection and testing when they coincide, and is to be recorded.
  2. 110v Earthed centre tapped supply, 230v portable or hand-held equipment is required to be supplied via a 30 mA RCD and inspections and tests may need to be carried out more frequently (e.g. a check of a portable RCD via its manual test button).
  3. For some equipment such as children’s rides or equipment in more onerous environments a daily check may be necessary.
  4. By Supervisor / Teacher / Member of Staff.
  5. Equipment provided in Hotel Rooms is equipment used by the public. Equipment in Hotels (Row 5 in the table) is considered to be used by the hotel staff.
  6. Hired equipment in use for periods in excess of 1 week, should be included on an equipment register and a risk assessment carried out to determine the future frequency of inspection and testing, unless the equipment is covered by a supplier’s lease and maintenance contract, providing the maintenance contract is robust and satisfactory.

KEY:
S. Stationary Equipment
IT. Information and Technology Equipment
M. Movable Equipment
P. Portable Equipment
H. Hand Held Equipment
F. Fixed Equipment

Wharfedale PAT Testing
Wharfedale PAT Testing
Wharfedale PAT Testing
Wharfedale PAT Testing
Wharfedale PAT Testing
Wharfedale PAT Testing

4 + 11 =

Get in Touch

We’re fully insured and qualified with City & Guilds Level 3 in PAT Testing.

Please email or call us with any questions, or to confirm a time to suit you.

07590 652382

01943 511479

matthew@wharfedalepattesting.co.uk

Get in Touch

We’re fully insured and qualified with City & Guilds Level 3 in PAT Testing.

Please email or call us with any questions, or to confirm a time to suit you.

07590 652382

01943 511479

matthew@wharfedalepattesting.co.uk

2 + 12 =